14211 133 Avenue, Edmonton T5L 4W3
The Siri Guru Nanak Sikh Gurdwara is Edmonton’s oldest standing Gurdwara (‘Gateway to the Guru’, or Sikh Temple). As part of the Peter Lougheed Multicultural Village, which also houses a Hindu Mandir as well as Dutch and Italian cultural centres, it is marked by the presence of the Nishan Sahib, a flag indicating the presence of a Gurdwara. Construction for the permanent home of the Alberta Sikh Society began in 1979, which was later renamed for Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
The central feature of the Gurdwara is the Darbar Sahib, or devotional hall, where the Guru Granth Sahib or Adi Granth, the primary religious text of Sikhism is kept. The Guru Granth Sahib is comprised of the teachings of six of Sikhism’s Ten Gurus (1469-1708) as well as from a number of holy men of other faiths and the text itself is considered the 11th Guru. Guru Nanak (1469 - 1539), the first and most important guru, preached that all people are equal and that a Sikh’s faith includes protecting the vulnerable and helping the unfortunate. Guru Nanak himself travelled more than 28,000 kilometers across South Asia and the Middle East over 24 years to spread his message.
The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, initiated the Khalsa, a code of conduct that guides Sikhs, in 1699 during the New Year festival known as Vaisakhi. Followers of the Khalsa are identified by five articles of faith known as “The Five K’s:” Kesh (uncut hair), Kara (a steel bracelet), Kanga (a wooden comb), Kaccha (cotton undergarments) and Kirpan (a sword). A common practice is for all people (including non-Sikhs) to cover their heads when they are inside the Gurdwara. Shabad Kirtan involves singing the hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib and Paath includes reading of passages from it and other Sikh holy books.
Numerous Sikh religious services commemorating the births and deaths of the Ten Gurus as well as melas, or festivals, take place in the Gurdwara. A large kitchen, known as the Langar, serves food to all who visit, regardless of religious, ethnic, class or caste distinction. Other cultural activities such as teaching Punjabi classes, religious music and cultural history also take place there.
The Gurdwara supports youth sports events, promotes human rights issues and coordinates with other Gurdwaras in Edmonton for charitable activities such as raising money for the Guru Nanak Healing Garden at the Mazankowski Heart Institute or donating more than $100,000 for the Food Bank of Edmonton.
- Research courtesy of Sam Singh (@SinghingSam)
Era: City Modern
Cultural Groups: South Asian
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