As experienced farmers in search of land, virtually all Ukrainian immigrants went to homesteads in the prairie provinces. In the early 1900s only a few hundred Ukrainians, mostly unskilled labourers and domestic servants, lived in Edmonton. A close, dependent relationship formed between Ukrainians in the growing city and those settled in the surrounding countryside.

From the beginning, Ukrainians developed a rich community life characterized by attention to cultural tradition and practice, as well as concern for relationships with ancestral homeland. There is wide diversity within this community, reflected in different religious and ideological understandings.